What Is A 3-Way Speaker

One clear fact about speakers is the good and quality ones are designed to produce accurate and crystal clear sounds, and the reason for this is because they come with drivers that makes it possible for them to function under several frequency ranges. This is what 3-way speakers are designed to do for those asking what is a 3-way speaker.

You can tell from its name that a 3-way speaker is designed with the intent of producing sounds from three separate devices, and the three devices we are talking about includes the woofer, the drivers, and the midrange.

Clear and accurate sounds that you get from a 3-way speaker is what you are likely not to get from other speakers, but one thought that keeps crossing the mind is why does a speaker need three devices for sound projection.

Depending on how sound behaves, a 3-way speaker relies on three separate devices in projecting sounds, and we are all aware of the fact that sounds gets created in waves following the movement of air over the speaker.

If you want to be able to hear and capture clearly all of the wave frequencies produced by a speaker then you need to use three various speakers for listening.

The reason for this is because a large movement of air will be needed when you are dealing with lower frequencies, and this gives you an insight regarding why subwoofers are designed to be greater and better than midrange speakers and tweeters.

Higher frequencies on the other hand will require a very quick movement at the other end of a spectrum, and this is something a large sized speaker will not do easily.

When it comes to handling various frequencies, tweeters are well designed to deal with that and this is based on the fact that they come in a small size. The next thing we want to talk about is frequency crossover.

Frequency Crossover

When the word frequency crossover is mentioned, we are simply referring to the overlapping of frequencies that is covered by a woofer, midrange, and tweeter.

Frequency crossover also talks about a vital aspect of a top quality sound system, but fine tuning frequency crossovers is required if you want to obtain well balanced sounds. Once there is too little or too much output, the sound balance is going to sound uneven and off balance.

Manufacturers are known for setting fixed frequencies since frequency crossovers requires fine tuning, and this is the reason why people opt for coaxial speakers when looking for the best option to enhance car audio quality.

However, you will have to make some couple of decisions when you want to increase your car audio system, and one fact you should know is that all speakers are not designed to function the same way.

When you take a closer look at the pros and cons of a speaker, you will be able to identify several aspects of a speaker which will help you pick the speaker that is best for you.

You will also have to consider if what you want is a 3-way speaker or a 2-way speaker, and you will have to settle with 3-way speakers if you intend dealing with high quality and standout components. Settling for a low quality speaker has no benefits.

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What Is A 3-Way Speaker

What Is A 3-Way Speaker

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Since we have thrown more light on what 3-way speakers are and the devices they use in projecting sound, let us talk about the roles these devices play.


If you are wondering what a woofer means, this is considered as the largest driver of a 3-way speaker, and producing low-pitched sounds within the bass range is what the woofer is known for.

What we are talking about is the woofer is responsible for the explosions and thunderous sounds you get from bass drums, while the components that make up the woofer includes a permanent magnet, wire coil, a plastic or paper coil.

The audio signal a woofer creates helps in forming a magnetic field, and the push and pull that happens in the magnetic field makes the cone to vibrate, which ends up resulting in the production of sounds.

When it comes to producing very strong vibrations, you can count on the woofer to get this done for you, and the woofer is also responsible for consuming the highest amount of energy compared to the other components.


The smallest of all three drivers of the 3-way speaker is the tweeter, and function is the audio spectrum’s treble end is what the tweeter is designed to do. Producing high pitched sounds is another attribute of the tweeter, and the high pitched sounds you get from the tweeter are sounds that you will get from flutes and cymbals.

Without a tweeter, any sound produced will lack brightness and clarity, meaning you will be left with dull and stifled sounds.


The midrange shares some similarities with the woofer, but the difference is it is smaller compared to the woofer. Due to the size of the midrange, it is designed to produce a woofer’s low notes and a tweeter’s high notes.

Producing one of the best sounds of its own is what a midrange is designed to do, while speech, vocals, and instruments fall under this range.

There is poor bass and treble in the sounds a midrange produces, and you will find more than one midrange in some speakers. This is why a speaker will be able to handle high amount of energy, while producing loud and full sounds.

Components Of A Speaker

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A speaker comes with various components like the cabinet, drivers, and crossovers, and these components are good at influencing sounds in so many ways.

A very funny thing we have come to notice about these speakers is some of them come with good specifications in their product description, but they end up having poor sound quality and performance.

What we want our readers to know is that bad and good sounds can be subjective, and this is why we keep advising anyone shopping for a speaker to check out the sound a speaker produces before going ahead to make a payment for it.

This is why we insist on shoppers finding a suitable environment for listening to music before going ahead to make a final payment.

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